Infertility is a condition in which pregnancy can not be achieved despite one year of regular sexual intercourse. An important problem affecting approximately 15% of the infertile couples is antagonism.
In order for your pregnancy to take place in a healthy woman, a regular egg develops every month in the ovaries of a woman and it is necessary to throw it into the woman's tub with ovulation. In this period, after sexual intercourse, the sperm, which is the male reproductive cell that is passed through the female womb and is transmitted to the tube, merges into the egg tube, that is, the fertilization takes place. The fertilized egg passes into the embryo and falls into the uterus, holding onto the uterine wall and initiating pregnancy.
In this case, for a healthy pregnancy; it is necessary for the male partner's sperm to have normal number, shape and mobility, so that the female's regular laying, the clarity of the tubes, and the problem of preventing closure in the uterus. It is recommended that couples who can not conceive within a year apply to a specialist or an in vitro fertilization center. In this regard, since women are very old, instead of waiting for one year for women older than 35 years, if a pregnancy can not be achieved after 6 months'
Tube baby therapy; (cervical factor), ovulation and unexplained infertility, and pregnancy can not be achieved with treatments such as simpler ovulation-inducing treatment and vaccination. couples, women over 35 years of age and over-reserve.
It is necessary to increase the number of eggs that occur in a woman once a month in order to provide an appropriate chance for the treatment of IVF. For this reason, drugs are used that encourage the ovaries to develop more eggs. After the doctor's examination, specially prepared medicines and usage program are given. Your treatment protocol; female age, past medical condition, affects hormone levels assessed on the 2nd or 3rd day of menstruation. Drugs that enlarge egg candidates are injected. Treatments are started on the second or third day of the period. During drug treatment, frequent intervals are followed by ultrasonographic and, if necessary, hormonal evaluation. For the final maturation of egg candidates at the appropriate size, the cracking needle is applied at the prescribed hour and eggs are collected after 34-36 hours. Approximately 5-7% of the process can be terminated before the process of egg collection, such as inadequate egg development, premature ovulation, inappropriate hormones.
The mature eggs are fertilized with male sperm samples obtained on the same day. If fertilization occurs, this egg is called zygote. When they reach at least two cell stages, the name becomes embryo. Laboratory conditions facilitate fertilization; but fertilization does not occur in all mature eggs. On average, 60-80% of the eggs collected can be fertilized. This rate varies according to the pairs. Embryo transfer is usually done within two to five days of egg collection. Normally developing embryo / embryos are selected for transfer. The number of embryos to be transferred varies according to the age and embryo quality in many countries and shows differences. According to the Tube Baby Regulation published in our country in 2010; It is possible to transfer 1 embryo in the first two trials under the age of 35, 2 embryos transfer after the second trial under the age of 35, and 2 embryos above the age 35. Transfer of multiple embryos is likely to result in multiple pregnancies. Transfer is simple and painless. A thin cannula containing the embryo is transplanted into the uterus through the woman's cervix. The embryo is injected into the uterus by means of an injector. It is necessary that the urine bag is half-filled for ultrasound imaging during transfer. It takes about 15 minutes. After transfer, you can return to your home for about 1 hour.
The IVF treatment process is terminated within 15-20 days in 90% of the patients. After the transfer, it is possible to know whether pregnancy is possible as a result of the pregnancy test on the appropriate day (approximately 2 weeks after) by the doctor. Chances of pregnancy in IVF treatment; especially according to many factors such as age of women. In this regard, it is best to get information about the chance of double special pregnancy from physician after appropriate evaluation.