What is Radiotherapy (Radiation Therapy)?
Radiation Oncology is science that uses ionizing radiation to examine the effects of radiation on cancers, the behaviors of tumors, and to study and apply them on this area. Radiation oncology has two fields of application, radiotherapy and radiosurgery.
Radiotherapy; is defined as the radiation of cancerous tissue or treatment of some benign tumors. For this reason, it is also called "Radiation therapy" or "Radiation therapy" among the public. Radiotherapy is being used to stop the growth of cancer cells in the treated area or to kill those cells. Radiotherapy is a commonly used practice in the treatment of cancer. So much so that, after 60-80 percent of cancer patients have been diagnosed with cancer, they need radiotherapy at least once.
How is the treatment determined?
There are many factors that affect the shape of the treatments. At the beginning of these; age of the patient, general health status, type of cancer diagnosed, prevalence, place of residence. Treatment decisions are taken at the end of evaluating the patients with many different specialist doctors, and each patient is evaluated separately. For this reason, even if they have the same type of cancer, the treatment of each patient is planned according to their own circumstances.
Who is the Treatment Team?
Radiation oncologist: he decides which region of the body will receive radiotherapy. It is the responsibility of the patient to follow the treatment, to change the treatment depending on the changes in the tumor, to evaluate and treat the side effects experienced by the patient.
Radiation physicist: Radiotherapy is responsible for the safety of treatment planning, quality and technical support for devices and coordination of care. Work with radiation oncology specialist in treatment planning and practice.
Radiotherapy technicians: Those who have been trained to use radiotherapy devices. They do not accompany the patient in the room during treatment, but through the screen in the control room; they are in continuous communication with the patient. They are responsible for ensuring the correct position of the patient, the operation of the device and the withdrawal of evaluation films during treatment.
Oncology nurse: During the treatment and follow-up of the patient, the radiation is the nearest team member with the oncologist. Side effects of radiotherapy are the bridge between the doctor and the patient in cases such as what the patient should do or should not do.
Secretariat: Responsible for proper orientation of the patient, organizing appointments, creating and maintaining the files, informing about the treatment fee and performing the procedures required by the hospital's health assurance.