Corneal transplant surgery is performed in our company by our eye health specialists. You can apply for the disease detection and treatment process.
What is corneal transplant?
Corneal transplant is the process of transferring healthy corn taken from a dead person (cadaver) instead of cornea as it is understood from its name. Transmissive expression can have a frightening effect on patients and this statement is already wrong. It is the corneal layer, not the eye organs that are implanted. That is to say, the eye-crossing is not the issue.
Conditions Requiring Corneal Transplantation
When it comes to the question of why cornea is done, all the conditions that cause this layer to be damaged can be shown. The transparent and vascular cornea can be blurred for different reasons. The resulting light does not reflect correctly, and blurring is seen when the refraction is not correct. In some cases this can manifest itself with severe soreness. Corneal transplantation is performed to improve the field of view. This transfer is important for pain relief and protection of eye integrity. Of course, in which cases the blurring can be done,
- If the cells that allow the cornea to remain transparent are damaged
- If the dome becomes distorted and becomes conical
- Depending on some diseases with genetic factors
- Infection in areas of the cornea or near the area where vision is obstructed
- Scar tissue in the cornea, new vascularity
- Corneal blur due to traffic accidents or home-work accidents
- Severe annihilation of corneal layer integrity due to accident and similar reasons
Where Corneal Stack is Available
When the cornea layer needs to be transported, eye banks are in operation. The eye bank creates the ground for removal of corneal tissue from the dead (donor) and storage in the appropriate environment. Also a touch is effective when the suitability of the newly transferred cornea layer is determined. Where the corneal layer tissue is transplanted, it is the duty of the eye banks to deliver it.
Get Cornea From Anyone
The cornea layer is taken from people who die for different reasons and whose cornea is still healthy. The death cause research is done for the use of this touch. Knowing this can lead to avoidance of potential risks and complications. That is, it is very important for the transplantation person to pass the disease. For example, attention should be paid to infectious diseases such as hepatitis, syphilis and AIDS. However, contrary to what is believed, blood transfusion is not required when corneal transplantation is performed. This is why the tissue is a vascular-free tissue. This may mean an advantage. However, the cornea to be taken from the dead person, 12 hours after the death must be done transplantation. After the receipt of the technology is also growing in the appropriate storage conditions are waiting. There is no need to take the entire eye while taking this touch. So this does not cause any change in the physical appearance of the deceased person. The corneal tissue of the recipient is stored in special nutrient solutions and passed to the control stage. After the examination is made in a special microscopic environment, the patient is waiting for transplantation. It is ideal to be transported within 7 days.
In Which Situations, Transfer Does Not Work
In order for a corneal transplant recipient to benefit from this surgery, the retina layer should not be damaged. If the retina that sends the images to the brain is damaged for some reason, transplantation will not work. At the very least, the patient must be able to choose the light. In addition, intraocular structures outside the retina should not be a problem. Whether or not these problems are present depends on a number of tests.
How Corneal Transplant Surgery Is Made
If corneal transplant surgery is considered, it is necessary to mention that general anesthesia is not generally necessary. In this respect, anesthesia side effects are not severe. With the local anesthetic procedure, the eye and surrounding areas become numb. However, if the patient tells you that he or she will not be able to withstand local anesthesia, or if there is any other unexpected situation, general anesthesia can also be performed. If the items related to the application are passed:
- A window opens primarily through the blurred corneal center of the patient. This window is made under a microscope and with a special knife measuring about 7.5-8 mm.
- The transparent corneal layer to be transferred is cut and stitched to the required area.
- In patients with cataract problems, cataracts can also be made during corneal transplantation.
Is corneal transplantation risky?
Corneal transplantation is a problem that many people are worried about. However, at this point, it can be said that each operation is a potential risk for itself. At this point, undesirable outcomes may include infection, bleeding, separation of retinas, increased pressure in the eye, and loss of lens transparency. In some exceptional cases, corneal haze can also be seen blurring due to tissue rejection. On the other hand, there are some rare complications according to local - general anesthesia. However, this is usually related to the fact that the patient is not well assessed in advance. Compliance is an issue that should not be missed.
Is Corneal Tissue Rejection Treated?
In the case of tissue rejection after corneal transplantation, steroidal drops are usually treated. If these drops that suppress the immune system of the recipient are not sufficient, high-dose steroid drug supplements may be needed. If you need a corneal transplant, you can apply to our center.