Heart diseases, especially coronary artery disease, are among the leading causes of death in our country as well as in the world. The organs in our bodies need oxygen and nutrients to protect their vitality and fulfill their duties. The necessary oxygen and nutrients are transported to the organs by blood via the artery. Our heart will do the job of pumping blood into the arteries.
Our heart needs to be fed so that it can perform its duty. The veins feeding the heart itself are called "coronary arteries" (coronary arteries). As a result of constriction or occlusion resulting from arterial stiffness (atherosclerosis) in the coronary arteries, our heart can not adequately nourish and disrupt its function. As a result, since the pump task is interrupted, the oxygen and nutrients that reach my organs through the blood are reduced, and over time the inadequacy of various organs arises.
Why Should Coronary Angiography Be Performed?
Early recognition and treatment of coronary artery disease, especially those with cardiac risk factors, is of vital importance. The goal is to protect the person from the consequences of a possible heart attack. For this reason, it may be necessary to perform a diagnostic procedure called coronary angiography to confirm the diagnosis in patients with suspected coronary artery disease due to cardiological examinations such as ECG (cardiac graphy), echocardiography (heart ultrasound), and ECG (treadmill exercise).
Coronary angiography is a diagnostic method and not an operation type. Coronary angiography is the process of taking a specific drug into the cardiac vessels (coronary artery) and then taking the images using a special imaging system. It is performed in coronary angiography, angiography equipment, and in advanced laboratories where the medical staff and the trained-experienced cardiologist are present. There is no need for the patient to be awake for the operation, the patient can be awake and speak during the procedure. Coronary angiography often uses the right inguinal artery (sometimes the arm) to reach the heart vessels. To enter the right inguinal artery (femoral artery), the pubic area is numbed with the needle and a plastic sheath is inserted into the vein. The patient may sometimes feel a slight pain during this procedure. In the next section, the patient does not feel anything. Then a thin, small, flexible tube (catheter) is advanced through the plastic sheath to the greatest arteriovenous (aortic) outgrowth of small atarvascular vessels (coronary vessels) feeding the heart and placed in the coronary artery aorta,). Thus, coronary vessels can be seen in films taken from different angles and it can be determined how narrow the region is. The injection of the painted material will not give a feeling of pain. However, when the painted material is given to the veins, it may feel a temporary hot press and flushing and nausea for about 20-30 seconds.
ARRHMY (HEALTH CRYSTAL DISORDER, PREGNANCY), HOW DEFINITION, HOW IS TREATED?
A healthy heart, at rest, multiplies between 60-80 in a minute. And the intervals between each beat are equal, that is, rhythmical. When body activity increases, for example when walking, doing sports, doing heavy work, or getting stressed, our heart rate increases in one minute. However, the time between pulses is still equal and rhythmical. In our heart, there is a point producing rhythm, as this point producing electrical stimulus itself will produce abnormal rhythmic pulses, sometimes there may be conduction defects during transmission of healthy stimulated rhythmic stimuli through the fibers to the heart muscle. In any case, abnormal rhythmic heartbeat can occur. Patients may sometimes be aware of abnormal abnormal heartbeats by chance, as well as a routine ECG taken at any time for any purpose, as if they were physicians themselves.
Abnormal rhythmic heartbeats may be the cause of the clot formation on the one hand, while causing the heart pump, on the other hand, to interfere with the vessels of the heart, lungs, brain and other organs, leading to immediate and life-threatening problems, depending on the severity of the problem. For this reason, rhythm disturbance is important and should be seen as a heart health problem that needs to be treated.
Electro-physiology laboratories specially developed for patients with arrhythmias for any reason are established. In these laboratories, the heartbeat pulses are examined in depth and firstly the abnormal rhythm is diagnosed. It is then tried to be understood that the rhythm disturbance is at the point where the stimulus has emerged or is on the way of transmission. After this procedure, called mapping, it is precisely clarified where to intervene in the transmission pathways of the patient's heart. In the coronary angiography laboratory environment and using catheter technique, this abnormal conduction is interfered with radiofrequency methods and the abnormal rhythm producing foci are removed to allow the patient to reach a normal heart rhythm.